Bipolar Disorder

We live in a world where it is difficult to understand what is happening in somebody's mind. While physical ailments can quickly be diagnosed and treated, people can often overlook mental health issues such as bipolar disorder in instances where it is not apparent.

What's Bipolar Disorder? How Do I Know If I Have It?

Bipolar disorders are cerebral disorders that cause changes in human mood, energy and functional capabilities. People with bipolar disabilities experience extreme emotional conditions that generally occur during a transparent period of the week, called episodes of mood. These episodes are classified as manic/low maniac (abnormally happy or sensitive) or depression (sad mood). People with bipolar disabilities generally have a period of neutral feeling. With appropriate therapy and treatment, people with bipolar disorder can live a full and productive life.

bipolar disorder characteristics

There can be other causes of symptoms associated with bipolar disorder, as bipolar disorder is not the only cause of mood swings. These mood swings, however, tend to last a few hours rather than a few days. They are not generally accompanied by behavioural changes that disorder sufferers exhibit during their episodes. As a result of bipolar disorder symptoms, a person's relationships with loved ones might be affected and their overall ability to function socially and professionally. How do you know when a person is bipolar? Let us discuss in-depth, starting with the types of bipolar disorders and their symptoms.

What Are the 4 Types Of Bipolar?

Bipolar Disorder can be further classified into four categories, namely Bipolar I, Bipolar II, Cyclothymic Disorder, and Others, depending on their symptoms. The different types of bipolar disorder are explained below.

types of bipolar disorder

Bipolar I

When a person has a manic episode, they are diagnosed with bipolar I disorder. On top of that, they may feel like they're on top of the world or painfully irritated when they're in the middle of one. Many people with bipolar I disorder also experience periods of neutral mood. Anxiety, depression, and irritability. People with bipolar disorder type I also experience what is known as hypomanic episodes. Rather than lasting an entire week, hypomania is characterized by less intense manic episodes that only persist four days in succession. There aren't as many issues with everyday functioning with hypomanic symptoms as there are with manic symptoms.

Bipolar II

One severe depressive episode and a hypomanic period are needed for diagnosing bipolar II in patients. Between episodes, patients may go on with their normal lifestyles. After their initial depressive episode, people with bipolar II illness will typically seek treatment since hypomanic episodes are often productive and can even benefit efficiency at work.

There is a high prevalence of anxiety disorders and drug abuse problems in persons with bipolar II disorder that can worsen their symptoms.

Cyclothymic Disorder

It is a relatively mild type of bipolar disorder defined by regular mood fluctuations, including hypomania and depressive symptoms. Bipolar I and II disorders are more severe than cyclothymia.

There are several signs of a cyclothymic disorder, including numerous hypomanic or depressed episodes over a period of a minimum of two years. However, the symptoms do not match the criteria for either. Another sign is having mood swings for at least half of the two years, and they've never halted for longer than two months.

Bipolar Disorder Treatment

For Bipolar I and Bipolar II, treatment consists of medication and psychotherapy. A mood stabilizer or antidepressant is the most general medicine based on the symptoms. It is possible to utilize ECT to treat severe depression symptoms if medication is ineffective. Specific personalized care is provided for each patient.

Patients can use a combination of medication and psychotherapy to treat cyclothymia. Talk therapy can help many people cope with the stress of mood fluctuations. In addition to maintaining a journal, you may also look for trends in mood fluctuations. Cyclothymia patients may start and quit therapy over time.

It is essential to understand that leaving the symptoms unattended and ignored will make it difficult for the person facing them. Therefore, it is necessary to acknowledge the internal turmoil that a person with bipolar disorder is going through.

Famous Celebrities You Never Knew Had Bipolar Disorder

  • Vincent van Gog

Vincent van Gogh was one of the most talented painters ever to grace this earth. He is remembered for his famous works such as "Starry Night" and his renowned Self Portrait. What you may not know is that he was also known for his unstable moods. Medical experts suspect that he had some bipolar disorder which caused his moods to be unexpected.

  • Virginia Woolf

You may have heard of Virginia Woolf as one of the most prolific novelists of the twentieth century. Known for her famous works, including The Lighthouse and Mrs Dalloway, she also suffered frequent psychiatric breakdowns that can be traced to her bipolar personality.

  • Demi Lovato

 The "Let It Go" and "I Love Me" singer Demi Lovato found out during her treatment in 2011 that she had bipolar disorder. She had been experiencing an irregular appetite as well as self-harm tendencies. She has announced that treatment helped her a lot and that she is feeling much better now.

  • Mariah Carey

The famous pop star is known for her top single "All I Want for Christmas is You" has also been a victim of Bipolar II for over two decades. After a long struggle, she has finally started therapy for her condition and is witnessing a steady improvement. She has also shared that she is currently "in a good place."

If you are wondering, “Is bipolar disorder serious?" You must know that it can get to a point where the victim develops suicidal tendencies due to the inconsistency in their mood. This disorder can often be ignored or misdiagnosed as merely a personality trait. It is essential to recognize the symptoms and know the causing factors of bipolar disorder. Let us now list some things that act as triggers for bipolar disorder.

  • Lack of sleep
  • Excessive caffeine consumption
  • Alcoholism and substance abuse
  • Food with high salt and fat content
  • Seasonal changes
  • Prescription medication
  • Pregnancy and childbirth
  • Stressful situations

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About Author

Nick is a multi-faceted individual with diverse interests. I love teaching young students through coaching or writing who always gathered praise for a sharp calculative mind. I own a positive outlook towards life and also give motivational speeches for young kids and college students.

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